Teachers and higher education institutions need to focus on developing
innovative and critical thinking skills and instil a desire for continuous learning
according to Harvard education specialist, Tony Wagner.
While passing on knowledge will always be central to the function of educational
institutions, today young people need more than facts to obtain employment. "They
will need to reinvent, re-engineer and reimagine' their jobs.
Wagner says there are no longer "high-wage middle-skilled jobs.? This has caused
an imbalance in the employment sector, and has contributed to high unemployment
rates. These jobs have been replaced by high wage high-skilled jobs .Generic middle
class jobs which were the bedrock of the industrial age are simply not available
anymore, because these jobs "either require more skill or can be done by more people
around the world or are being buried'.
He believes the idea of "finding? a job is outdated and says the solution lies in
helping young people invent a job. "Which is why the goal of education today.should
not be to make every child "college ready? but "innovation ready? ? ready to add
value to whatever they do.'
This calls for the redesign of learning institutions. Schools will be characterised by
teachers who coach students to performance excellence, and principals who create
the culture of collaboration required to innovate. There will be a bigger focus on
teaching the skill and will to learn as opposed to memorising facts, with an emphasis
on subjects like entrepreneurship.
He envisions a future where students possess digital portfolios to show evidence
of mastery of skills like critical thinking and communication which they build up
throughout their schooling career.
He pointed to Finland?s educational system as a model of how schools should
function in future.
invent-it.html?_r=0"> Need a job? invent it