Science, politics and intuition needed for effective board performance

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Proficient, high-calibre directors are the essential elements of a high-performance
board that can successfully navigate the current complex volatile business and
economic environment.

"This demands not just the technical or scientific attributes of traditional business
school competencies, but includes a mix of politics and intuition,' according to Dr
Douglas Board, author of "Choosing Leaders? and advisor on board services to Amrop
Landelahni.

Board believes the board selection process has gone awry because it emphasises
specific competencies and skills. "This speaks the language most business people
understand but it leads in the wrong direction,' he says.

His research into raising effectiveness in the boardroom shows that the work of
boards involves the three interlocking dimensions of science, politics and intuition.
Board believes "the absence of proper attention to the political and intuitive aspects
leads to the generation of meaningless or distracting lists of skills'.

As the Financial Times points out in a recent article, "the list of attributes
required of a non-executive director is so long, precise and contradictory that there
cannot be a single board member in the world who fully fits the bill'.

"Lists of required competencies for directors frequently include dual capabilities such
as "strategic and practical thinker?, or "reflective and action-oriented?,' says Board.
"Competencies on lists struggle with each other all the time, and no one competency
can always win.

"By what magical means can we work out on which occasions to be reflective or
action oriented? An outcome of politics and intuition will decide. However political
skill, in particular, is almost always absent from contemporary management
frameworks. So we get longer and longer lists of ever more specialised skills.'

"The external environment is undergoing transformation with increasing levels of
uncertainty, ambiguity and risk,' says Sandra Burmeister, CEO of Amrop Landelahni.
"As the demands of corporate governance and compliance with regulatory
frameworks increase, boards tend to focus more heavily on measurable or objective
elements - qualifications, knowledge, experience.

"However, the increasing complexity of the external environment makes it
necessary to go beyond resumes, competencies and reputations. Innovation,
integrity, emotional intelligence and consistent decision-making under pressure
become important. That is what distinguishes good leaders. The quality of leadership
of the board is the key to meeting and outperforming the organisation?s financial,
social and sustainability goals.'

"Modern management, both in practice and theory, has prioritised what is
measurable, objective or controllable,' says Board. "But experienced managers also
give importance to aspects that can?t be articulated or measured in any easy way.
This includes intuition - expert judgment, values, cultural perceptions - elements we
find obvious without easily being able to pinpoint why.

"Politics is the most neglected aspect in the assessment of prospective directors. It
covers the struggles for limited resources and an awareness of the axes of power
both inside and outside the organisation. It includes making judgments about internal
or external risk. This is infrequently discussed in management books, or even by
executives themselves.'

"Fundamentally, leadership is about relationships,' says Burmeister. "Exemplary
boards are robust, effective social systems operating with a virtuous cycles of
respect, trust and honesty. This demands that directors don?t get trapped in rigid,
typecast positions, and that there is interplay at board level of scientific, political
and intuitive decision-making, each of which challenges the others.'

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